Analysis and design of slabs by the finite element method users manual, 1998. Shear reinforcements in the reinforced concrete beams. But it says in the calculation errors list and the slabreinforcement module as in message 4 that the reinforcement is frozen. Reinforced concrete slab design and detailing guidelines for depth of slab, loads on slab, reinforcement guide for oneway and twoway slabs as per is 456. Don on steel form work at the construction site before concreting the texture of the destroyed concrete slab with rusty reinforcement.
Design of reinforced concrete structures ii twoway slabs. Concentration and additional reinforcement at support. The concrete protection below the reinforcement should follow the requirements of. Manual slab reinforcement i should also add that i dont appear to have the reinforcement freeze iconbutton in the toolbar as you show in message 7. Reinforced concrete tank lids for no vehicle traffic. Oneway shear analysis of longitudinal beams and slabs. There are many variables that influence the decision of how much space to leave, including the maximum load the slab is likely to have to support, the bearing capacity of the soil, the diameter of the reinforcing rebar, the likelihood of frost heaving the slab, and whether or not the slab is on a level grade. Difference between one way slab and two way slab system. Sci p300 composite slabs and beams using steel decking best. Composite slabs consist of profiled steel decking with an insitu reinforced concrete.
First, lines joining adjacent column or wall supports. Aci 318 sets out the principles of design for slab shear reinforcement and makes specific reference to. The manual and advisory safety code of practice for concrete pumping67. Step 3 cover to reinforcement determine cover required to reinforcement as per tables 11. What is two way slab with reinforcement details learn about two way slab and also with reinforcement in details learn for civil engineering click onsubscribeand bell. A finite element model may be created to analyse a complicated loading arrangement. Group of construction workers cleaned floor slab reinforcement bar with post tension cable ten. Welded wire mesh or deformed bar reinforcement normally used in slabsongrade helps to control the width or growth of any cracks that may occur. Use colddrawn wire that is hotdipped and zinccoated to meet the requirements of astm a 153a. Additional torsion reinforcement is required at corners when it is restrained against uplifting as shown in fig.
The most common reinforcement associated with slabsongrade is welded wire fabric. Structural modeling and analysis of concrete floor slabs. The following example illustrates the design methods presented in the article timesaving design aids for reinforced concrete, part 2. The following example illustrates this process using the slab plan shown in. This images was upload at november 30, 2018 upload by viviana k in excel spreadsheet. Steel reinforcement strong in tension, and strong in compression as long as the concrete can stop it bowing myth busting. C 5 is the slope correction coefficient co is the consolidation correction coefficient as an example. Reinforcement detailing of a slab is done based on its support conditions. The flooring composite slab is made of concrete, steel reinforcement and profiled sheets t153 ruukki serving as a permanent formwork. For some slabs reinforcement bars are required in two layers within the slab. Following are the rcc slab design and detailing guidelines.
The manual and the program have been thoroughly checked for errors. Slab may be supported on walls or beams or columns. Structural integrity requirements for concrete buildings. Over the years, these four categories have been merged and. Tests have established that punching shear in slabs can be effectively resisted by reinforcement consisting of vertical rods mechanically anchored at the top and bottom of slabs. Flat slab design spreadsheet is templates for spreadsheet and letters templates.
The cost function represents the cost of concrete, steel reinforcement and formwork. In some cases deformed bars are used in order to assure that the reinforcement is placed at the correct depth within the slab and not damaged during placement. Pdf a fundamental task in the design of reinforced concrete structures is to. Reinforced concrete slab optimization with simulated. Manual for design of slabs, pile caps and footings. Slab, select eurocode from the design codes and set unit and formats to eu. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext.
With damage to a support, top reinforcement which is continuous over the support, but not confined by stirrups, will tend to tear out of. Concrete slabs come in a variety of forms depending on their locations. The user can change the auto merge tolerance using the options auto merge tolerance command. Qian and others published slab effects on response. Swimmer bar system is a new type of shear reinforcement. When selected, reinforcement is positioned in axis of an rc element reinforcement will be subjected to compression tension due to membrane forces. Since slabs are mainly present to resist bending, the bars all laid although at the bottom and on the top you have to option of laying the bars only over the supporte where there is hogging negative moment.
Reinforcement parameters reinforcement tab rc slab. Manual for design and detailing of reinforced concrete to the code. Spcontrol 3, whose top reinforcement ratio is about the same as that in the flatplate structures designed using aci 31805, served as a basis for comparing the strengthened specimens. Fibre reinforcement is a method that has been in use over the last 30 years, yet it is unfamiliar to some and there is no common guideline for design using this method. After the concrete hardens, the steel deck and the concrete are. Look at example 7 design of a flat plate floor without spandrel beams direct design method look at example 9 design of a twoway slab with beams in both directions. Slabongrade reinforcing design an online course for. This type of steel is sometimes called distribution reinforcement to differentiate it from structural reinforcement that is added to increase the loadcarrying capacity of the slab.
It is a small inclined bars, with its both ends bent horizontally for a short distance and welded or bolted to both top and bottom flexural steel reinforcement. Slab supported on two sides and bending takes place predominantly in one direction only is called one way slab. Unless otherwise noted, all referenced table, figure, and equation numbers are from that article. When we have finished modeling the slab itself, we duplicate the plan view do not use duplicate with detailing. Each bar designation must be unique for a given component but may. In two way slab, the ratio of longer span l to shorter span b is less than 2. Group of construction workers fabricating floor slab reinforcement bar and formwork.
Do you looking for other post about flat slab analysis in sap2000, flat slab column head, flat slab design using sap2000, flat slab eurocode 2, flat slab failure, flat slab formwork, flat slab foundation, flat slab hollow core. Us1035323a us50163009a us1909501630a us1035323a us 1035323 a us1035323 a us 1035323a us 50163009 a us50163009 a us 50163009a us 1909501630 a us1909501630 a us 1909501630a us 1035323 a us1035323 a us 1035323a authority us united states prior art keywords members series bars slab transverse prior art date 19090611 legal status the legal status is an assumption and is. Composite steel floor deck is cold formed steel deck which acts as a permanent form and as the positive bending reinforcement for the structural concrete. The area of distributed reinforcement is not calculated. Slabs could be simply supported, continuous or cantilever. For slabs spanning in both directions published tables and charts should be used to find bending moment and shear per unit width of slab. Determine slab thickness and concrete strength as if the slab were unreinforced.
Pdf slab effects on response of reinforced concrete substructures. How to detail reinforcements of twoway slabs quora. There are five different types of reinforcement possible. This way we have one view for the mild steel reinforcement and another for the posttension tendons. The main performed research of punching shear with transverse reinforcement is summarized in chapter 2. Posttensioned concrete slabs augi the worlds largest. Fanella, which appeared in the october 2001 edition of structural engineer magazine. Two way slab is a slab supported by beams on all the four sides and the loads are carried by the supports along both directions, it is known as two way slab. Design of reinforced concrete structures ii twoway slabs 1 1.
Plain slabs similar in shape to ground slabs take the load directly from the floor and transmit it to the beams. The analysis of slab and beam floor with prestressed wire. In flatplate floors, slabcolumn connections are subjected to high shear stresses produced by the transfer of axial loads and bending moments between slab and columns. Slab supported directly by columns are called flat slab. Nevertheless, the code allows merging of the flexural steel with. The moment of resistance about the naxis due to m layers of reinforcement at angles ai, a2 arrf to the xaxis is therefore given by.
Make the slabs square or rectangular, with an aspect ratio not to exceed 1. Complete and sign a pour card on the form supplied by the engineer. Divide the floor into slabs no more than 110 ft by 110 ft. Optimum design of reinforced concrete waffle slabs alaa c. Slab reinforcement stock photos download 2,435 royalty. A computer program is written using matlab to formulate the problem and perform the structural analysis and design of those slabs by the direct design method. Lots of concretors will tell you we put steel the reinforcement close to the bottom of a driveway slab because when you load a slab, the bottom is in tension,which needs the steel, and the top compresses. The following example illustrates the example building. One excellent method was combining commercial finite element. Difference between one way slab and two way slab system the one way and two way slab systems are the most commonly used floor system in the reinforced concrete structure. The slab may be supported by walls, by reinforced concrete beams usually cast monolithically with the slab, by structural steel beams, by columns, or by the ground. Step 1 consult your project plans to determine the spacing of the rebar that was placed in the first slab and the spacing of the rebar that is to be placed in the second slab. Flat slab design spreadsheet spreadsheet collections.
Wisdot bridge manual chapter 18 concrete slab structures. These slabs are constructed to provide flat surfaces, usually horizontal, in building floors, roofs or other types of structures. Slabs are constructed to provide flat surfaces, usually horizontal, in building floors, roofs, bridges, and other types of structures. Two way slab reinforcement detail what is two way slab. However, this is not the only means of reinforcing slabs. Compressiontension type must be selected on the general tab for this option to be available. Accordingly, main reinforcement is required in the two directions. Instead, the dowels are inserted at the edge of concrete slabs, transferring load. Reinforcement for slabs on ground concrete construction.
In two way slab the corners may be held down by restraints or may be allowed to lift up. Joists are used to strengthen the middle portion of the slab. Best economy is often achieved when the slab thickness is selected to match nominal lumber dimensions. The engineer shall countersign the card prior to commencing the pour. In two way slabs, load will be carried in both the directions. Locating the reinforcement in the upper part of the slab is best when trying to control the visible crack widths due to the loading, curling, and base friction. Draw panel of slab and indicate maximum design moments, shears and in plane loads, if any, per unit width of slab. Background and applications benefits of composite slabs profiled steel sheeting acts as a safe working platform and permanent formwork. Direct method reinforcement in twoway slabs footing classification footing design 2. Pdf performance design of reinforced concrete slabs using. Reinforced concrete slab design and detailing guide is456.
Reinforced concrete construction is used to build a huge variety of structures, from skyscrapers. However, it is best to design the bottom of the slab as unreinforced and locate the reinforcement in the upper part of the slab. In other cases, joists, poured as part of plain slabs, carry the loads to the beams. Timber bridges are aesthetically pleasing and blend well in natural surroundings. The total slab thickness h is usually rounded to the next higher in. Theres no generallyaccepted rule of thumb as to how to space rebar in a concrete slab. Founded in 1904 and headquartered in farmington hills, michigan, usa, the american concrete institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensusbased standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design. The slab rests on steel tbeams with flanges oriented in the bottom. Bending will take place in the two directions in a dishlike form. When a slab contains several layers of reinforcement it is convenient to adopt a generalised form of the capacity field equation based on eqn. While it sounds complicated, the proces to join two concrete slabs is easy but might take a few attempts to get it right.780 303 951 935 552 275 1557 1409 803 841 1133 1541 109 586 1110 1326 849 1581 967 1616 589 856 492 821 1234 887 766 1407 1256 1047 172